These rates are measured to determine the ability of a firm to pay off its long-term reasonable responsibilities. Some people call them as long- phrase solvency rates. Important solvency rates are (i) reasonable financial obligations value amount (ii) finish sources to reasonable financial obligations amount (iii) unique amount.
(i) Debt value ratio
Meaning: this amount indicated the relationship between long- phrase reasonable responsibilities and the value (or traders fund) as such this amount is worked out by breaking long- phrase reasonable responsibilities by traders financial.
Formula: reasonable financial obligations value amount = reasonable financial obligations / value or long phrase reasonable responsibilities / traders sources or external sources / inner funds
(a) Debts are long-term responsibilities having maturity after one year. It is also known as long- phrase sources (or external funds) debentures long-term loans form bank and financial companies and public deposits are examples of long-term reasonable responsibilities.
(b) Investor funds: it denotes the sum of preference talk about reasonable investment value talk about reasonable investment general reserve reasonable investment reserves securities premium balance and credit balance of income and loss A/c etc. by bogus sources (if any) like preliminary costs talk about problem costs discount on problem of share/debentures underwriting commission etc. should be deducted.
Alternatively it can be measured as non-current sources + existing sources existing liabilities
Significance: the reasonable financial obligations value amount of 2: 1 is the norm accepted by financial companies for financing projects it means reasonable financial obligations could be twice the value. This quantity reveals the comparative quantity of economical provided to the company by visitors and by the entrepreneurs. A low reasonable financial obligations value amount implies a greater claim of entrepreneurs on the sources than the loan companies in the organization. It provides security to loan companies on the other hand a high reasonable financial obligations value amount indicated that the claims of the loan companies are greater than those of the owners; it is taken as negative sign.
(ii) Total sources to reasonable financial obligations ratio
Meaning: this amount shows the relationship between finish sources and the long phrase reasonable responsibilities of the organization.
Formula: finish resource to reasonable debts amount = complete resources debt Factors
(a) Total sources (tangible) contains all fixed sources, reasonable investment and existing sources but excludes bogus sources (if any). Investment contains business reasonable investment into shares or debentures of another organization for the purpose of promoting its own business or organization.
(b) The reasonable responsibilities (long phrase debts) have already been described in the context of reasonable financial obligations value amount.
Significance: this amount measures the proportion of finish sources borrowed by long-term reasonable financial obligations. The greater amount indicated that the level of inner ownership is more in income generating activates of an organization and versa.
Alternatively, a better way of making the amount is reasonable financial obligations to finish sources. In that case take reasonable investment employed (internal sources + external funds) instead of finish sources. This would give the level f organization belongings to guests. In fact, it will become the reciprocal of unique amount.
(iii) Proprietary ratio
Meaning: this amount indicated the relationship between value (shareholders fund) and finish real sources and is measured by breaking the traders financial (equity) by finish sources.
Formula: unique amount = traders sources or net worth / finish assets
Factors: both terms traders financial and finish sources (tangible) have already been described.
Significance: normally, unique amount attempts to indicate the part of finish sources borrowed through traders financial. A high unique amount is indicative of strong budget of the organization. The greater the amount, the better it is.
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